Wheat

Triticum spp.
Poaceae, Grass family
wheat spikelet
wheat spikelet
David said to him, "Let me have the site of your threshing floor so I can build an altar to the LORD"
1 Chronicles 21:22 NIV
wheat spikelet
Celebrate the Festival of Weeks with the firstfruits of the wheat harvest
Exodus 34:22 NIV

Cultural Information

TypeEdible Annual
Heightabout 36 inches
Soilwell-tilled, with good organic matter
Exposurefull sun
Leaveslinear, narrow, pointed, grass-like, alternating from strong, central stems; monocot
Fruitheads or "ears" form at top of stalks, composed of dense "spikelets" arranged linearly, usually with awns or beards making a bristley appearance

Planting Tips

  • a plot of roughly 50 square feet will yield enough wheat for one loaf of bread
  • for smaller garden space, consider growing wheat as an ornamental grass
  • plant in fall for over-wintering crop ("winter wheat") or sow in early spring 2 weeks before last freeze ("spring wheat")
  • prepare soil with plenty of humus/organic matter for a good, workable texture
  • sow seeds about 1 1/2 inches deep, 6 inches apart in rows for ease of weeding, or scatter seeds across the bed and rake to cover (approximately 15 seeds per square foot)
  • once seeds have sprouted, limit watering - rainfall may be sufficient
  • crop grows roughly 120 days until harvest
  • now the real work begins - threshing and winnowing!

Garden to Table

  • for smaller garden space, consider growing wheat as an ornamental grass
  • bundle wheat stalks for centerpieces and floral display
  • wheat stalks make excellent straw mulch for vegetable beds
  • grow patches of wheat in the garden for grazing chickens
  • whole wheat berries can be cooked as bulgur or breakfast porridge

Additional Resources

See Blog Posts on Wheat
The satiety that wheat and bread bring to our physical bodies pictures the fullness we have with God in Christ...at the second festival, the Festival of Weeks, our perfection is complete, making us holy as God is holy (Leviticus 11:44), first by his Word (Torah), then through his Holy Spirit (Acts 2:38-39), coinciding with the wheat harvest.
-from the NIV God's Word for Gardeners Bible
wheat spikelet
Celebrate the Festival of Weeks with the firstfruits of the wheat harvest
Exodus 34:22 NIV

Photo Credits

Long Wheat Spike © Piotr Majka | Dreamstime Stock Photos
"Covoni di grano" - wheat shocks in the field © 2001 Monica Arellano-Ongpin from Creative Commons Free Images
Wheat Berries ©2012 Ann Marie Michaels Creative Commons free images
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